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Education in West Bengal

West Bengal has a great culture and tradition for learning. Known for its scholars and intellectual personalities from the pre independence period, post independence and now Education in West Bengal is going through an evolution. Several national movements began in this State which is known for its great legends like Mother Teresa, Rabindranath Tagore, Amartya Sen among others. Education came as early as 1784 through the Asiatic society founded by Sir William Jones for the purpose of oriental studies. Ram Mohan Roy and David Hare were instrumental in setting up educational institutions in the state. The first autonomous college in West Bengal is St. Xavier's College, Kolkata.

Distance Education in West Bengal

Distance Education in West Bengal is being availed of more and more in those districts where institutes are few and far between. Through Correspondence Courses offered by distance learning programs in the universities and colleges many students who have dropped out have opportunities to continue education through these institutes. Moreover the cost of the Course in comparison with other full time courses is much less than in other university courses. The courses offered through the directorate of distance education in Vidya Sagar University at West Bengal are courses in MA, MCom M Sc among others. The University of Burdwan also offers courses in M.A., M.Sc, M.B.A, B.A. and BSc, through the Directorate of Distance Education.

School Education in West Bengal

School Education in West Bengal is under the control of the State Government. Apart from Government schools there are also private schools. The Schools come under the supervision of various Boards viz. CBSE, CISCE or the West Bengal Board of Education. Apart from these boards the International schools also have a good number enrolled in their institutions. West Bengal School education system follows the dual administration set up. It consist of Primary Education and Secondary School Education

Primary Education in West Bengal


Before independence many of the primary schools were begun by through missionary efforts and by those who wished to bring reform among the people. Schools first begun as gurukuls took on the western mode of learning which has come to stay until today. The educational system in West Bengal has been revamped in order to meet the future trends of a fast changing world. The government of West Bengal is making provision to offer better education infrastructure and services to the students of the state.

Secondary Education in West Bengal

Secondary School education in West Bengal is under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Education, West Bengal. Tthe Higher Secondary Section is controlled by the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary. The secondary section caters to students from class 6- 10 while the Higher Secondary caters to the education of students in class 11 and 12. Students who pass class 10 are admitted to the Higher Secondary Section. Pre-degree or Class 12 passed students are eligible for admission in colleges in West Bengal.

Technical Education in West Bengal

The Department of Technical Education & Training sees to the administration and standard of West B technical education for Diploma Course students in the polytechnics, institutions that train craftsmen and Industrial technicians in the Training Institutes and Junior Technical Schools. Non-formal training programs through courses in Vocational Training are imparted in Community Polytechnics. The Zilla Parishads, Panchayats and NGOs also offer Vocational Training Programs. Don Bosco's Technical Institutes are well known in West Bengal as thousand of students have gained skill development and launched out into professional careers in the state and abroad.

University Education in West Bengal

The first modern university in 1827 at Serampore was first set up by William Carey as Serampore College in early 1819. The Jesuit College of St. Xavier's came up in 1860. The first women graduates hail from the State of West Bengal. As of date there are thirteen universities in the state. Some of them are University of Kolkata, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, University of Kalyani and University of North Bengal among others. The universities offer courses in various disciplines as well as other professional courses. Courses in Ph.D, M. Phil, Masters Degree and Bachelors Degree are some of levels in higher education offered by West Bengal Universities in education.

Madrassah Education in West Bengal

Madrassah Education in West Bengal is under the Board of education known as the West Bengal Board of Madrasah education. The aim of this Board is to promote education through technological networking and cooperation from educational levels in and around the state and world. The Board comprises of several sections such as the Law Section, Accounts and Financial Section, Academic Section etc.
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