|Indian Universities are paving the way to becoming 21st Century universities, fast bringing in the changes necessary to meet the demands of the future. With the cross-currents and complexities that assail human life the education system today is undergoing a sea-change. An effective monitoring system is the need of the hour.
According to the National Knowledge Commission the country requires 3500 Universities. Today we have only about 350 Universities in the country. Since 2001-02, the strength of the Universities/Deemed Universities has risen faster in comparison with other educational institutions. Taking a look at higher education, one observes the number of colleges for general education is 1.3 times greater and 1.5 times more in the case of Universities. The Universities in India can be categorized as: Central Universities, State Universities, Deemed Universities, Private Universities, Agricultural universities, Autonomous Universities, National Institutes of Importance and Open Universities.
The UGC broadly classifies into three, all the above universities as under:
i. Affiliating Universities
ii. Unitary Universities
iii. Private Universities
Positive developments are in the making with the cabinets okaying the foreign universities bill. However while India welcomes universities that make a quality change in the form of higher education its feasibility depends on the specific needs of students as per the socio-economic trends that prevail.
There are three classes of universities intent on coming to India with different aims:
a. Top: Universities who set up Centers of Research and Education e.g. Harvard has already set up a Centre for Research in India
b. Aspiring: set of universities desiring wider arrangements of providing joint degrees and twinning programs e.g. National Management School has jointly offered an MBA Degree with Georgia State University.
c. Income generation: They are involved in twinning programs between two universities.
d. Virtual Universities: a form of borderless education to the meet the challenges and opportunities of higher education. Not restricted only to the computer, web and internet virtual education involves several new technologies that tend to the new demands of the modern age.
The Ministry of Human Resources Development
This arm of the government monitors and reviews the standard of education. It is also empowered to recognized universities with the 'deemed' status and also to derecognize institutions. As per the 11th Fifth Plan, on the anvil are fourteen world class universities out of 30 Central Universities, 8 new Indian Institutes of Technology and 7 Indian Institutes of Management.
A system of learning that offers flexibility without the necessity of the teacher and learner being present is a great blessing for those staying in remote areas, far removed from universities of their choice. Through opportunities for education through correspondence courses this form of learning is increasingly in demand.
National Knowledge Commission: stresses the need for greater finance sources to speed up expansion of the higher education system. This calls for funding from both public and private sectors.
The University Grants Commission of India
While the Central Govt. draws the policies for higher education the State Governments sets up universities and the UGC (University Grants Commission) grants aid for development maintenance. State Governments are responsible for the establishment of State Universities and colleges, and provide plan and non-plan grants for their maintenance.
All India Council for Technical Education
The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE): It reviews and grants approval to engineering colleges in the country. There are about 1346 engineering colleges. The headquarters of AICTE is in New Delhi.
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council: Also termed as NAAC, it is an organization that approves the standard of universities and gives it recognition. Funded by the University Grants Commission, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council is an independent body.
Business Management: The All India Management Association is the approving body for management studies with 61 Management associations and 3000 Corporate Members.