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Colleges in India

Indian education has created its mark in the world. Out of 30 million NRIs (non resident Indians) and persons of Indian origin abroad several million professionals are part of the work force, contributing to the world. Going by the statistics and the standard of colleges providing education, one can foresee that Indian students today have more far reaching goals than their predecessors had and can look forward to a much promising future through college education.

College Classifications:

Colleges can be classified as University Colleges, Government and Private Colleges, Autonomous Colleges and Professional Colleges. While University colleges are usually in the college campus, Government Colleges are administered and financed totally by the Government unlike Private Colleges. Professional Colleges (as their name signifies) are geared towards grooming the students in specific professions e.g. law, engineering etc.

Autonomous Colleges:

The UGC gives autonomy to a college, as an autonomous college has a greater freedom to improve the quality of undergraduate education. They also have better credibility. St. Aloysius an Autonomous College apart from its credibility also has a chapel that is world renowned.

Degree Education:

Degree Colleges in India offer education after XII Std. Depending on the field of study, colleges cater to students wishing to obtain degrees in their selective stream. The most common colleges however are of the commerce, arts and science stream which offer a degree after 3 years of study.

College 'Firsts'

The first Engineering College was started in 1847 in India viz. the Roorkee College.Set up in 1857, the Sir J.J. College of Architecture, Mumbai is the first College in Asia for Architecture. While the Bethune College was founded in 1879, the first in India for women of its time;in Mumbai the first veterinary college was established in the year 1885 at Parel.

College Statistics:

In the year 2002-03 there were 8111 colleges under196 universities. Forty percent of the total number of students enrolled in various colleges/universities being women. The total strength of college students in India amounted to 92,27, 800.The number of polytechnics were 887 while university level student strength totalled 4.7 million.

Future Trends

To meet future trends the colleges that most students seek are the ones that offer job opportunities of the future. Engineering, Technology and Business Management Colleges are most sought after. The regular Arts colleges do not demand a very high marks-percentage. Medical Colleges offer various fields of study for a minimum period of four years while a Law student requires 2 years for the LLB Degree, after having passed B.A. Some careers that students choose in Science and Engineering are Microbiology, Mining Engineering, Fisheries, Telecommunications, Marine Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Information Technology, Dairy Technology, Software Testing and in Horticulture. New opportunities are sought in Arts in the line of animation and design which attract quite a good number of students. Besides Media and Journalism, Aviation, Drama and Film Courses are also growing in demand. Courses in the hospitality include Travel and Tourism and Air hostess training courses.

Distance Learning:

In India the Distance Education Council monitors and promotes distance learning in India. Through the Indira Gandhi National Open University Act the Council was established in 1985. Some of the courses it offers through correspondence are: B.Ed. MCA, BBA, BBS, BBM. BCom etc.

Vocational training in India

While there are skilled workers in great demand, yet the number for admissions for vocational courses is much less when compared to regular mainstream courses in college.

However some of the vocational courses that are popular are:

Secretarial Course in Typewriting, Stenography and Secretarial Practice, Computer Courses as Operator & Programme Assistant and Desk Top Publishing, Architectural Draughtsmans Course, Electrical Technician Course, Courses in Electronics (Radio/TV/Tape Recorder Mechanic), Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Courses. It is pertinent to note that between the age group of 15-25 years, merely 2% of the students seek Vocational Education. While there are more than 300 Career oriented courses available to undergraduates, the CBSE offers a variety of 79 Courses in vocational to undergraduates.

Several courses like Fruit and Vegetable Preservation Programs need to be promoted to enhance the skilled force in the country.
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